A dirt race in horse racing is a type of race that takes place on a track that is made up of dirt or clay material. The majority of horse racing tracks in the United States and Canada are dirt tracks, with a few exceptions. In a dirt race, the track is typically not as smooth as a turf track and can be affected by weather conditions, such as rain or heat.
Horses that are suited to dirt racing are typically stronger and more powerful than those that prefer turf racing. Dirt racing tends to favor horses that are able to run at a fast pace from the start and maintain that speed throughout the race. In contrast, turf racing typically favors horses that can make a late surge and overtake other horses in the stretch.
Dirt races can be run at varying distances, from sprints to long distances. The surface of the dirt track can also affect the outcome of the race, with some horses performing better on tracks that are more tightly packed, while others prefer tracks that are looser and have more give.